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              首頁> 真實譯文展示
              品格為中國城市規劃設計研究院提供母語級翻譯,語種: CHI → ENG,內容:學術報告。
              真實譯文展示(如有保密內容均以XX替代)
              Sample of real translation (Confidentiality retained with XX)
               
               
              街道作為城市交通與市民生活的空間載體,其空間品質與運行特征直觀彰顯城市規劃設計的頂層邏輯與城市交通的治理能力。自2014 年實施交通死亡與重傷《零愿景行動計劃》以來,紐約市在交通安全、綠色交通優先性、低碳交通以及交通設施可持續建設等方面進行積極探索,形成了相對完善的街道治理體系。系統闡述了紐約市道路交通特征,回顧了紐約市街道改善與治理的相關規劃與計劃。在此基礎上,從街道規劃目標、街道設計與治理原則、城市道路交通規劃設計與治理策略三個層面深入論證紐約街道規劃設計與治理實踐帶來的啟示。
              Streets enable the flow of urban transport and civic life. They are the manifestation of high-level logic in urban planning and design; and the spatial quality of streets, and how they operate and illustrate governance capacity in urban transport. In 2014, New York brought in a Vision Zero Action Plan which aims to eliminate traffic deaths and serious injuries. Since then, the city has actively explored traffic safety, precedence of green transport, low-carbon transport and the sustainable construction of transport facilities. The city has also formulated an effective regime of street governance. This paper comprehensively sets out road transport characteristics in New York and provides a recap of relevant programs and plans in the city relating to street improvement and governance. Drawing on this information, the paper throws light on the inspirational impact of New York’s planning, design and governance practices in three areas. These areas are street planning goals, street design and principles of governance, and planning, design and governance strategies for urban road transport.
               
              保障老年人交通安全是老齡化社會背景下各個國家普遍關注的重要問題之一?;谌毡救珖际薪煌ㄕ{查與交通事故報告,對老年人出行特征及事故特點進行分析。日本在建立及時有效的信息采集分析數據庫基礎上,根據老年人口結構、出行狀況、交通事故等特征,通過完善法律法規、改善老年人步行環境、推廣新型安全交通方式、提高老年安全駕駛綜合能力、應用車輛安全駕駛輔助功能等方面應對策略保障老年人出行安全。最后,結合中國老齡化與老齡交通特點,提出建立老齡交通信息統計庫、完善以老齡交通為主體的法律法規體系、將新興科技運用到交通適老化調整中的建議。
              Guaranteeing the safety of the elderly in traffic is a key concern of countries with an aging population. This paper analyzes the travel patterns of the elderly, and characteristics of accidents which involve them, using information gathered in a national urban traffic survey and data from traffic accidents in Japan. Through timely and effective collection of information and by using an analysis database, Japan seeks to guarantee the safety of elderly people in traffic through a range of strategies. Based on population structure, travel conditions, traffic accidents and other characteristics relevant to transit by the elderly, such strategies include improving laws and regulations, making better walking environments for the elderly, popularizing new and safe travel modes, building up the capacity of the elderly for safe driving, and using the auxiliary function of vehicles for safe driving. Finally, considering the characteristics of China’s aging population and aging transport system, the paper suggests establishing an information statistics bank on aging transport, improving the legal system which prioritizes aging transport, and applying emerging technologies to facilitate adjustment of elderly-friendly transport.
               

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